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The Types of Hoses

Posted by Aaron Gowaski on Jun 14th 2024

The Types of Hoses

Exploring the Varieties of Fire Hoses: A Comprehensive Guide Fire hoses are indispensable tools in firefighting, serving as the lifeline for firefighters battling blazes of various magnitudes. These hoses come in a variety of types, each tailored to specific needs and situations. Understanding the differences between them is crucial for effective firefighting operations. In this guide, we'll delve into the diverse types of fire hoses and their respective applications. 

1. Attack Hoses: Attack hoses are the frontline warriors in firefighting operations. They are designed to deliver high-pressure water to extinguish fires efficiently. Made from durable materials like rubber or thermoplastic, these hoses are lightweight for easy maneuverability. They typically come in lengths ranging from 50 to 100 feet, allowing firefighters to reach the heart of the fire swiftly. Attack hoses are further categorized based on their diameter, with common sizes being 1½ inch and 1¾ inch. 

2. Supply Hoses: Supply hoses, also known as large-diameter hoses (LDH), are responsible for transporting water from a hydrant or other water source to the firefighting apparatus. Unlike attack hoses, supply hoses have larger diameters, typically ranging from 2½ inches to 5 inches. This broader diameter enables them to deliver a higher volume of water over longer distances with minimal friction loss. Supply hoses are crucial for establishing a reliable water supply during firefighting operations, especially in situations where hydrants are scarce or distant. 

3. Booster Lines: Booster lines, as the name suggests, are designed to augment the water supply from attack hoses. They are smaller in diameter, usually around ¾ inch to 1 inch, and are commonly made from lightweight materials like polyester. Booster lines are versatile and can be deployed for various tasks, including mop-up operations, vehicle fires, and initial fire attack in smaller settings. Due to their compact size and flexibility, they are also suitable for use in confined spaces. 

4. Forestry Hoses: Forestry hoses are specifically engineered for combating wildfires and other outdoor fires in rugged terrain. They are lightweight, highly flexible, and resistant to abrasion, puncture, and mildew. Forestry hoses typically come in lengths of 50 to 100 feet and have smaller diameters ranging from 1 inch to 1½ inches. These hoses are essential for firefighters working in remote areas where access to water sources may be limited, such as forests, grasslands, and wilderness settings. 

5. Attack Nozzles: While not technically hoses, attack nozzles play a vital role in firefighting by controlling the flow and direction of water discharged from the hose. They come in various types, including smooth bore nozzles, fog nozzles, and combination nozzles, each suited to different firefighting techniques and scenarios. Smooth bore nozzles deliver a solid stream of water, ideal for penetrating deep-seated fires, while fog nozzles produce a fine mist, useful for cooling and smoke dispersion.